What Is Meant By Tashkent Agreement
The first Indo-Pakistan War, known as the First Kashmir War (October 22, 1947-January 5, 1949), took place shortly after the independence of India and Pakistan. A ceasefire agreement has led to the establishment of the Line of Control (LOC) as the de facto border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir. The agreement was criticized in India because it contained no war pact or renouncement of guerrilla warfare in Kashmir. After the signing of the agreement, Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri mysteriously died in Tashkent.  Shasti`s sudden death led to persistent conspiracy theories that he was poisoned.  The Indian government refused to downgrade a report on his death claiming that it could harm foreign relations, cause disruption in the country and a violation of parliamentary privileges.  The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan to resolve the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war (August 5, 1965-September 23, 1965). It was signed in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, which in turn was part of one of the republics of the USSR. The main objective was to restore economic and diplomatic relations in the countries concerned, to stay away from the internal and external affairs of the other and to work towards the advancement of bilateral relations. VI The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed to consider measures to restore economic and trade relations, communication and cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan and to take steps to implement existing agreements between India and Pakistan. In India, the people also criticized the agreement because the Pakistani president and the Indian prime minister did not sign a guerrilla pact in Kashmir.
After the day of this declaration, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur died on the day of a sudden heart attack. After him, no one accepted this statement, and it was ignored by the next government. The agreement was negotiated by Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin, who had invited the parties to Tashkent. The parties agreed to remove all armed forces from positions that were occupied before August 5, 1965; Renewing diplomatic relations; and to discuss economic, refugee and other issues. The agreement was criticized in India because it contained no war pact or renouncement of guerrilla aggression in Kashmir. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan, signed on 10 January 1966, which resolved the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war.